The mission hospital Saint Elisabeth at Semarang was founded in 1927 as a general hospital by the Roman Catholic congregation Franciscan Sisters of Heythuysen Missieziekenhuis Sint Elizabeth.
See Jan Willemsen, Van tentoonstelling tot wereldorganisatie, 94.
See also Dutch Missionary Activities, an oral history project of the University of Nijmegen concerning religious sisters and brothers who worked in the mission fields of the Roman Catholic Church. Pages 120-121 Interview 84 with M.J. Elfrink (sister Florentia) KMM file nr. 146: Sister Florentia worked as a nurse in the hospital at Semarang from 1931-1977.
Semarang had many hospitals in the city itself but also in the surrounding region. It was the caapital of the Residency with the same name in the province of Central Java. Semarang is also the capital of the province of Central Java. It is the main seaport. It has a municipal council with a mayor and has 218,000 inhabitants, of whom almost 12,600 Europeans and 27,500 Chinese (Gonggryp 1934, 1287-1288).