Specialized Hospitals

Before 1930, the specialized hospitals comprised more than 70 institutions. For some categories this was about the highest level they reached before 1942. This was the case for psychiatry: 4 psychiatric hospitals, 4 passage houses and 6 nursing homes. For leprosy, tuberculosis and eye diseases some new developments took place. Altogether, almost 100 specialized hospitals were recorded in 1940. This suggests that during the years of economic crisis about 30 new hospitals appeared, equalling a 40 % increase. The efforts of civilians, mainly Europeans, organized in the 3 main associations for specialized treatment (leprosy, eye diseases and tuberculosis) may explain in part these achievements. From the second half of the 1930s, the financial situation of the Netherlands Indies and the homeland improved so much that new funds were created to stimulate health care facilities. The 1938 NI budget allowed for an additional ƒ 1.8 million for the Public Health Service, whereas The Netherlands voted ƒ 1,580,000 from the Dutch Welvaartsbijdrage (Prosperity allowance). As prosperity increased most in the so-called Rubbergebieden (Rubber areas) a percentage of the export duties was set aside in the Rubberfonds to finance urgent needs of the NI population. Specialized hospitals were among the beneficiaries of this Fund.

By pressing one of the subheadings you may choose the individual hospitals of the following categories:

Leprosy
Venereal diseases
Psychiatry
Ophthalmology
Beriberi
TBC- Sanatorium
Maternity
Health resorts
Other

 

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