Rumah Sakit Kusta Donorojo

Kelet Regional General Hospital is a hospital owned by the Government of Central Java Province. At its inception it was named the Kelet/Donorojo Leprosy Hospital. The Donorojo Leprosy Hospital was built around 1916 by the Dutch East Indies Government and managed by Zending. At that time, the aim of building the Donorojo Leprosy Hospital was for treatment and leposeri. The Donorojo Leprosy Hospital is located in Banyumanis Village, Donorojo District, Jepara Regency, with an area of ​​1,791,740 m2. Including the land in the rehabilitation village which is inhabited by 155 families. The Kelet Leprosy Hospital was built in 1915. Its address: Jalan Raya Kelet KM 33, Jepara.

At first the Kelet Leprosy Hospital was a General Hospital managed by Zending with its director dr. H. Bervoets assisted by dr. Durachim. The location of the Kelet Hospital is in Kelet Village, Keling District, Jepara Regency, standing on an area of ​​258,600 m2.Because of the things mentioned above, since 1999 steps have been taken to rearrange the service functions at the Kelet/Donorojo Leprosy Hospital and the possibility of “optimizing” facilities for public services. Due to the lack of a structure in the composition of human resources and a change in work culture, gradual improvement steps were taken which included the Initiation Phase, Transformation Phase and Integration Phase so that the steps taken by management were truly understood and supported by all employees.

Since 2006 Kelet Hospital has been based on Regional Regulation of Central Java Province Number 6 of 2006 concerning Formation, Position, Main Duties, Functions and Organizational Structure of Regional General Hospitals and Regional Mental Hospitals of Central Java Province. Then it was updated with the Regional Regulation of the Province of Central Java Number: 8 of 2008 concerning the Organization & Work Procedure of the Regional General Hospital and the Regional Mental Hospital of the Province of Central Java. The Kelet Regional General Hospital is a class C hospital, in accordance with the Decree of the Minister of Health number: 829/MENKES/SK/VII/2010 concerning Classification of the Kelet Hospital in Central Java Province as a Type C Hospital.

In 2012, based on a certificate issued by the Hospital Accreditation Commission Number KARS-SERT/745/VI/2012 dated June 29 2012, Kelet Hospital was declared to have passed Basic Level Accreditation, namely Administration and Management, Medical Services, Emergency Services, Services Nursing and Medical Records.

In addition, Kelet Hospital has implemented the Financial Management Pattern for the Regional Public Service Agency (PPK BLUD) in accordance with Central Java Governor Decree No. 901/151/2012 concerning Stipulation of Increasing the Status of Financial Management Patterns for Regional Public Service Bodies from Gradual to Full in Kelet Hospital, Central Java Province.

In the 1950s, because Zending could no longer finance the operations of the Kelet Hospital and Donorojo Hospital, the management of the two hospitals was handed over to the Provincial Government of Central Java. Since then the two hospitals have become leprosy hospitals and their management is more leprosy. From 1978 to 1998 there were no full-time medical staff/doctors who managed the Hospital, the absence of doctors who managed full time made the quality of service and the possibility of developing the Hospital not receiving adequate assistance, so that the Hospital’s functions could not be carried out effectively. well, even though there is a medical staff/doctor visit once a week from the Tugurejo Leprosy Hospital in Semarang.

The Donorojo Leprosy Hospital in Jepara Regency, Central Java, during 2019 treated 1,715 leprosy patients. This number decreased compared to the previous year, which was 2,318 people. This hospital is the only leprosy referral hospital in Central Java. Head of Service and Special Care Section of Donorojo Leprosy Hospital, Arif Purwanto, said that there are two types of leprosy patients being treated. Namely outpatient, inpatient, and inpatient physiotherapy. There were 345 hospitalized patients. While physiotherapy inpatients were 525 patients. Contributor/Rhobi Shani.

FITA MASFUFAH. C0514020. 2020. Donorojo Leprosy Hospital, Jepara, 1916-1942. Thesis: History Study Program, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Sebelas Maret University Surakarta.
This study aims to find out about: (1) The background of the establishment of the Donorojo Leprosy Hospital in Jepara in 1916; (2) The Development of Health Services at the Donorojo Leprosy Hospital, Jepara, 1916-1942; and (3) Development of Religious Social Services at the Donorojo Leprosy Hospital, Jepara, 1916-1942.
This study uses the historical method which consists of four stages. The first stage is heuristics or data collection, source criticism which consists of internal and external criticism, interpretation or analysis of data, and historiography or writing of research results. Data collection is done by document study and literature study. The data is then analyzed and interpreted based on the chronology so as to produce facts. Then these facts are arranged in a historiography.
The results of this study are that ethical political policies are the initial cause of efforts to improve people’s welfare. This increase in welfare was carried out to improve health services by establishing hospitals, one of which was the Donorojo Leprosy Hospital in 1916. This hospital was established by zending to address the spread of leprosy in the Dutch East Indies, especially Java. The development of this hospital has received support from the government in the form of health subsidies that make it easier for people to take medication. Despite receiving subsidies from the government, the Donorojo Leprosy Hospital has the principle of making its patients independent so that they can meet their own needs by working according to their expertise. Various social activities were carried out there until it finally formed a village called Soembertelu Village. The hospital also provides religious services to fulfill the religious duties of the patients. In 1935 a church was inaugurated next to the hospital which is now called GITJ Donorojo as proof of the existence of religious services at that time.
The conclusion of this study is that the Donorojo Leprosy Hospital is a leprosy hospital in Central Java which was founded by zending to address the spread of leprosy. Over time the hospital has developed. The hospital provides rehabilitation work for patients so that they are used to being able to live independently while still sick or when they have recovered. In addition, religious services are also performed there.