The composition of the category of specialized hospitals changed in the course of time. Those changes could be very abrupt due to developments in medical research or changing medical policies. Some specialized hospitals remained from the early VOC era to modern times, such as leprosy hospitals, though their prospects varied in time.
More or less In sequence of appearance we distinguish:
- Leprosy hospitals
- Hospitals for venereal diseases
- Beriberi hospitals
- Health resorts
- Psychiatric institutions
- TBC sanatoriums