Rumah Sakit Perkebunan PTPN X

Djember Klinik van Landbouw Maatschappij Oud Djember ca. 1910?

This used to be a plantation hospital at Jember (East Jawa) and is now continued under the new name:
Plantation Hospital PTPN X.

The hospital is classified as a category C hospital (reg.code: 3509021) with 133 beds.
The hospital has a staff of some 360 persons,of whom 40 medical doctors and 110 nurses/ midwives.
The hospital is located at Jalan Bedadung no. 2 at Jember.

From the hospital website we copied a few statements about its history (Google translated):

Jember Clinical Hospital, LMOD, and Jember History

People's assumption that the Jember Clinic Hospital is a Dutch "heritage" is true. From the use of the name alone, people are more comfortable calling the name "Jember Clinic Hospital" even though the official name is actually "Jember Plantation Hospital". In fact, grammatically there is something not quite right when the hospital, which is now a subsidiary of PTPN 10, is called the "Jember Clinic Hospital". The words "hospital" and "clinic" often make people who hear it for the first time wonder. It feels strange and seems ambiguous, considering that the pattern of services and functions between "Hospital" and "Clinic" is indeed different. The name "Jember Klinik" which is already attached and easily remembered collectively by many people comes from the Dutch language: "Djemberscheklinik", when the forerunner of this hospital was first built.

Djemberscheklinik is a treatment center for employees of a Dutch-owned plantation company called Landbouw Maatschappij Oup Djember or often abbreviated as LMOD.

Djemberscheklinik was founded in the complicated conditions of health problems at that time, where there was often a clash of traditional health systems that dominated the mindset of indigenous plantation workers with modern health systems promoted by plantation workers from Europe. Similar to Dutch plantation companies in other areas at that time, health service centers were built to combat the three most endemic diseases, namely cholera, malaria and dysentery.

LMOD itself is closely related to the history of the founding of Jember Regency. Based on the sources I dug up from the explanation of my friend who is also a young Jember historian named RZ Hakim, the history of Jember so far can only be traced authentically since 1859. “Before that, it was only a guess. This could be because Jember is not an area of ​​royal ruins," he explained. Although in fact it can still be traced by drawing historical lines from the other side before 1859, for example during the construction of Deandles Street. Also in 1359, when King Hayam Wuruk was traveling overland to Panarukan and to Jember. Based on the data I've read, this group also stopped at the coastal area of ​​Watu Ulo, which at that time was called Kuta Bacok.

But because the effort has not been initiated, then looking at the history of the city of Jember means remembering the year 1859. That was the year when LMOD was founded.
LMOD is a plantation company that was established as one of the impacts of the implementation of the system of onterprice (company or industrial development system) policy that replaces the system of cultivation (material processing system).

LMOD was founded by entrepreneurs from the Netherlands. They have 3 leaders namely, George Birnie, Mathhiasen and Van Gennep. Among the three, George Bernie is the name most often mentioned in connection with the history of Jember.

George Birnie is a Dutch businessman of Scottish descent who married a native Madurese woman named Rabina. They were blessed with 8 children who were initially brought to the Netherlands for proper education and teaching before they returned to Jember in the late 1850s. In 1859, LMOD was established with a focus on the main commodity in the form of tobacco. This is in accordance with the contours of the land in Jember which consists of many hills (often also called dunes). George Bernie got the right to cultivate or the right to erfpacht for a period of 75 years. Its main commodity is BNO tobacco (Besuki Na Oogst).

As explained above, that with the establishment of a plantation company, the Netherlands needed a place that provided health services to its workers, both native workers and workers from Europe. The construction of the Djemberscheklinik was the answer to that discourse. The Dutch consider the traditional health system to have shortcomings as a guarantee of health for plantation workers.

Not only that, from a socio-cultural point of view, the existence of the Djemberscheklinik has also become a segression between the indigenous groups and workers from Europe. The existence of the natives began to be noticed with a deep concern for their health aspects. The socio-cultural side that changed with the segregation between European and indigenous workers was also seen in the existence of a hospital surrounded by housing for plantation workers.

So that around the Djemberscheklinik building, many settlements of European descent live. Even one of them is the grandfather of a famous musician, Ahmad Dhani. Dhani's grandfather's name is Freddy Rudi Paul Kohler. He used to live on Jalan Irian (now Jl. Ciliwung, close to the Jember Clinic Hospital Integrated Polyclinic building) after previously living in the Jl. Raung (now called Jl. Bondoyudo, located in front of the Jember Clinic Hospital).
Even when we talked about the history of Jember Klinik Hospital on our Facebook page, Joyce Kohler (Ahmad Dhani's mother) also chimed in, "I used to often play under the bridge (next to the integrated polyclinic building at Jember Clinic Hospital)."

LMOD (Landbouw Maatschappij Oup Djember) was finally nationalized in 1956 which is the origin of PTP XXVII, PTP XXVI and PTP XXIII in Jember Regency. After the nationalization period, Jember Clinic Hospital became part of the New PPN for Pre-Tobacco Unit. After that, PPN then underwent several reorganizations from 1957 to become the XXVII PTP Health Unit

On February 14, 1996, several elements of PT. The Nusantara plantations, namely PTP XXVII, PTP XIX and PTP XXI-XXII, have fused. This merger will later manage more than one commodity which is traded together under the auspices of PTPN X. This is as stated in PP number 15 of 1996.

Jember Clinic Hospital is incorporated in the Hospital Business Unit Strategy (SBU) of PTPN X. The idea of ​​the SBU was then legally recognized through the approval of the State Minister for SOEs and the Decree of the Board of Directors of PTPN X Number XX-SURKP/03,149 regarding the Business Unit Strategy as of 07 October 2003.

In 2013, precisely based on the Notary Deed dated January 19, 2013, the PTPN X Hospital SBU which oversees 3 hospitals (Plantation Hospital/Jember Clinic Hospital, Gatoel Mojokerto Hospital, Toelongredjo Kediri HVA Hospital) officially became a subsidiary of PTPN X, using the name PT. Nusantara Medika Utama (PT. NMU)