The hospital of the agricultural establishment of Soekaradja should have existed since 1788. Two buildings had been established: one for the so-called “bannelingen” and one for the manager (“opzichter’). In 1767 the region had been occupied by the VOC and 21 years later the place had been designated for “bannelingen”. The choice of the place was called effective, because it was situated 2 “paalen” from the main town Banjoewangie and on a piece of land that was about 300 feet above sea-surface. The condemned were separated form the civil population and lived in a healthy environment with an abundance of water and fertile land.
From the annual report of 1854:
“Then one arrives at the ‘Infirmary’ that is made of stone and covered with a tiled roof. In this ‘infirmary’ a large nursing ward for 60 persons is available , with near it 8 rooms for 4-6 persons for dangerous patients and patients with infectious diseases. Also a room for the insane and a pharmacy and a doctor’s room. To the south of the large ward a sewer is placed with streaming water and a latrine. There is a mortuarium in this place. All 18 windows of the large ward are provided with glass. The premises are planted with trees, provided with a stone bathing place, divided between men and women. Living quarters for nursing personnel are provided for. There is a kitchen available.
This infirmary has been established lately.
The kampong Soekaradja with 150 bamboo houses is situated behind the first group of buildings. There are four rows of houses, 30 feet apart from one another. The pathways are 50 feet apart from each row of houses.
Behind the kampong the river Goeloeng is streaming, a mountain stream that provides all year abundant and fresh water. The kampong has many kinds of fruit trees: coconut, pisang, djeroek, nangka blanda. (Zuurzak).
Every morning there is a sick-report with all patients who are admitted into the hospital, the character of their complaints and the mutations in the actual patient population: recoveries, deaths and the number of visits of the medical doctor and all other changes that took place. ”
Most of the condemned people are working in the ‘nopal’-gardens and the cochenille barrracks. People from the nearby situated kampong Tagal Sarie work and survey the sawah-fields, look after the alang-alang fields, cut and dry the grass that is assembled in view of the nopal-plants. Finally also stones and roof tiles are produced, especially during the west-mossoo