Cy hospital Banda Neira

The so-called Perkeniershospitaal Banda was founded after a number of perkeniers (entrepreneurs of nutmeg plantations) decided to join forces and combine the mostly small infirmaries of each nutmeg perk to one  hospital: the Perkeniershospital. 

From Schoute, “De geneeskunde in Nederlandsch-Indie gedurende de negentiende eeuw”, GTNI 75 (1935)923: In 1868 a  change came about, when the perkeniers, who liberated the so-called perkhoorigen or perkslaves themselves cared for small infirmaries in their gardens: the patients were treated by officers of health. In 1871 the owners together founded a hospital and in 1872 in this hospital 372 patients were admitted, of whom 4 died. In that period of time two hospitals existed: the bannelingenhospital (hospital for exiles) and the perkeniershospital.

Koloniaal Verslag 1888: In 1887 1,407 patients had been admitted to the hospital that had been founded in favour of their labourers. In 1888: 1,318. The management is taken care of by the first ranking officer of health at Neira.

Regeeringsalmanak 1900, pag. 414; The Direction of the Perkarbeidershospitaal at Banda Neira is in the hands of the directors: G.F.Lantzius en H.E.E.P. Schilling.  President was J.M.E. van den Broeke.

Banda  Neira was in the 1930s the main town of the island of Banda, which was a subdepartment of the Residency Amboina of the Government of the Moluccas under a gezaghebber (authorrity). The subdivision consists of the proper Banda islands: Groot Banda or Lontor Besar, Rozengain, Goenoeng and Roen Api and some 3 other islands. Banda used to be a residency. In 1599 Jacob van heemskerck arrived at Lontor; in 1619 the Dutch East India Company (VOC) took the islands in her ownership. Some 1,000 indigenous people departed to neighbouring islands. Nutmeg was monopolized and the land was parted to servants of the Company, who were called perkeniers. In 1864 the monopoly was lifted and then the perkeniers saw a golden era with much profit (1870-1894).  Subsequently a period of deep recession took place. The many large and beautiful, but  empty houses indicate the period of wealth. except for the indigenous population of mixed race, a numerous Arab community settled on Banda (Gonggryp 1934, 72-73).

See also the Grote Atlas van Nederlands Oost Indie (Asia maior/KNAG, 1903) with a town plan of Banda Neira, indicating the location of the Perkeniershospital (nr. 23, p. 406).