Garrison hospital Martapura

The garrison hospital 3rd class at Martapura (SE Kalimantan) is mentioned in the publication of D. Schoute “De Geneeskunde in Nederlandsch-Indie in de 19e eeuw”, GTNI 75 (1935) 10, 827. The article refers to a survey of  all the military facilities in 1867 . In that year the garrison  hospital of Martapura had on average 21 inpatients. The hospital was part of the Military Medical Service (MGD),  which in 1867 (the year of the survey of all military facilities) managed a total of 79 facilities (3 large military hospitals, 35 garrison hospitals and 41 infirmaries) with on average 4,244 occupied beds.

Some 25 years later, the Annex D of the Koloniaal Verslag 1890 reports a total  of 3,358 inpatients by the end of that year, whereas 52,631 patients have been admitted for the whole of the Netherlands Indies. The report concerns 28 military hospitals, 54 ziekenzalen (infirmaries) and 6 specialized facilities. The Martapura hospital does not appear  in the survey, most probably the data of that year had not been reported.

In 1900 the situation of military health facilities was: 30 hospitals, 56 infirmaries and 5 specialized facilities, such as reconvalescent centers and leprosy asylums. The total number of admittances was in 1899: 57,071 and the number of present inpatients by the end of 1899: 3,731. These figures were for the Martapura hospital: 19 admittances, who later were  evacuated and no patients present on 31 December 1899 (See Koloniaal Verslag 1900, Addendum A).

The survey of military hospitals in 1904 (Encyclopaedie voor Nederlandsch-Indie, 833) mentioned three 1st class military hospitals: Weltevreden, Tjimahi and Kota Radja. The last one was considered to be a large modern hospital of 800 beds. In 1904 there were 29 permanent military hospitals and 41 infirmaries (See H. den Hertog, De militair-geneeskundige verzorging in Atjeh 1873-1904, dissertation Nijmegen 1991).

Martapoera is in the 1930s a subdepartment with a capital city of the same name. It is part of the department Bandjermasin and is situated in the Residency Zuider en Oosterafdeling van Borneo (SE Kalimantan). The subdepartment has 75,000 inhabitants of whom 100 Europeans and 500 Chinese. The subdepartment has many mineral exploitations: gold, mangane, iron ore and platinum and also coal (Gonggryp 1934, 818).