Garrison hospital Pangkal Pinang

The garrison hospital 3rd class at Pangkal Pinang (Banka) is mentioned in the publication of D. Schoute “De Geneeskunde in Nederlandsch-Indie in de 19e eeuw”, GTNI 75 (1935) 10, 827. The article refers to a survey of  all the military facilities in 1867 . In that year the garrison  hospital of Pangkal Pinang had on average 29 inpatients. The hospital was part of the Military Medical Service (MGD),  which in 1867 (the year of the survey of all military facilities) managed a total of 79 facilities (3 large military hospitals, 35 garrison hospitals and 41 infirmaries) with on average 4,244 occupied beds.

Some 25 years later, the Annex D of the Koloniaal Verslag 1890 reports a total  of 3,358 inpatients by the end of that year, whereas 52,631 patients have been admitted for the whole of the Netherlands Indies. The report concerns 28 military hospitals, 54 ziekenzalen (infirmaries) and 6 specialized facilities. The hospital had been converted into an infirmary in the meantime. Koloniaal Verslag 1888 (39):the building of a new infirmary at Pangkal Pinang has been started. In the Pangkal Pinang infirmary 76 patients have been admitted in 1889. The situation by the end of the year 1890 : there are no patients present.

In 1900 the situation of military health facilities was: 30 hospitals, 56 infirmaries and 5 specialized facilities, such as reconvalescent centers and leprosy asylums. The total number of admittances was in 1899: 57,071 and the number of present inpatients by the end of 1899: 3,731. These figures were for the Pangkal Pinang infirmary: 30 admittances and on 31 December 1899 no patients are present (See Koloniaal Verslag 1900, Addendum A).

Pangkal Pinang was in the 1930s a subdepartment, district and subdistrict of the Residency Bangka en Onderhoorigheden (Bangka and Dependencies). The capital of the region had the same name. The subdepartment had 52,000 inhabitants of whom 273 Europeans and 21,000 Chinese. The Malay population is dependant on agrarian products (pepper and rice) and fishery. The Chinese are employed in the tinmines or in commerce, agriculture or fishing (Gonggryp 1934, 1128).