Garrison hospital Salatiga

The garrison hospital 2nd class at Salatiga (Semarang) is mentioned in the publication of D. Schoute “De Geneeskunde in Nederlandsch-Indie in de 19e eeuw”, GTNI 75 (1935) 10, 827. The article refers to a survey of  all the military facilities in 1867 . In that year the garrison hospital of  Salatiga had on average 96 patients. The hospital was part of the Military Medical Service (MGD), which in 1867 (the year of the survey of all military facilities) managed a total of 79 facilities (3 large military hospitals, 35 garrison hospitals and 41 infirmaries) with on average 4,244 occupied beds.

Some 25 years later, the Annex D of the Koloniaal Verslag 1890 reports a total  of 3,358 inpatients by the end of that year, whereas 52,631 patients have been admitted for the whole of the Netherlands Indies. The report concerns 28 military hospitals, 54 ziekenzalen (infirmaries) and 6 specialized facilities. The average occupation rate of the Salatiga hospital is then 82 patients, whereas 1,083 have been admitted that year. The situation by the end of the year 1890 is a presence of 79 patients.

In 1900 the situation of military health facilities was: 30 hospitals, 56 infirmaries and 5 specialized facilities, such as reconvalescent centers and leprosy asylums. The total number of admittances was in 1899: 57,071 and the number of present inpatients by the end of 1899: 3,731. These figures were for the Salatiga hospital: 1,219 admittances and a presence on 31 December 1899 of 63 patients (See Koloniaal Verslag 1900, Addendum A).

In the annual report of the Civil Medical Service 1909 is mentioned that the garrison hospital at Salatiga admitted that year 349 patients of the local civil population. 16 of them died.

The directing Health Officer 2nd class, W. van der Veer reports about the MGD in the period 1911-1934 and mentions the transformation of a number of military hospitals into ziekenzalen (Infirmaries), among others this happens to the garrison hospital at Salatiga in 1934. See: Geneeskundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch-Indie (GTNI) 76 (1936), 202-234. The Grote Atlas van Nederlands Indie however indicates the location of the military hospital in the lay-out of a citymap of 1947 (p. 289).

Salatiga used to be a department (Residency), but in the 1930s it had been downgraded to a district and subdistrict of the Residency Semarang in the province of Central Java. The town Salatiga is a well-known place with a cool and healthy climate (Gonggryp 1934, 1263).