Garrison hospital Sintang

The military garrison hospital 2nd class at Sintang (West Kalimantan) is mentioned in the publication of D. Schoute “De Geneeskunde in Nederlandsch-Indie in de 19e eeuw”, GTNI 75 (1935) 10, 827. The article refers to a survey of  all the military facilities in 1867 . In that year the garrison  hospital of Sintang had on average 82 patients. The hospital was part of the Military Medical Service (MGD),  which in 1867 (the year of the survey of all military facilities) managed a total of 79 facilities (3 large military hospitals, 35 garrison hospitals and 41 infirmaries) with on average 4,244 occupied beds.

Some 25 years later, the Annex D of the Koloniaal Verslag 1890 reports a total  of 3,358 inpatients by the end of that year, whereas 52,631 patients have been admitted for the whole of the Netherlands Indies. The report concerns 28 military hospitals, 54 ziekenzalen (infirmaries) and 6 specialized facilities. The average occupation rate of the Sintang hospital (in the meantime downgraded to an infirmary) is then 6 patients, whereas 154 have been admitted that year. The situation by the end of the year 1890 is a presence of 6 patients.

About 1900 the situation of military health facilities was: 30 hospitals, 56 infirmaries and 5 specialized facilities, such as reconvalescent centers and leprosy asylums. The total number of admittances was in 1899: 57,071 and the number of present inpatients by the end of 1899: 3,731. These figures were for the Sintang infirmary: 105 admittances and a presence on 31 December 1899 of 4 patients (See Koloniaal Verslag 1900, Addendum A).

Sintang was in the 1930s a department, subdepartment and self-governing Landscape of the Residency Westerafdeling van Borneo (West Kalimantan). It was ruled by an assistant-Resident and had 185,000 inhabitants of whom 46 Europeaans and 5,500 Chinese. The self-governing Landscape Sintang comprises the subdepartments Sintang and Melawi (with the exception of the self-governing district Pinohlands). The inhabitants are mainly Dajaks. From the times of effective administrative involvement (1816 – 1915) continuous uprisings took place, especially in the Melawi subdepartment. In 1913 the Controleur M.A. Jansen was murdered. Sintang is located in the streams of Soengai Melawi and Soengai Kapoeas and is a  rather important commercial town (Gonggryp 1934, 1301).