Garrison hospital Surakarta

The military Garrison hospital 1st class at Surakarta was mentioned in the publication of D. Schoute “De Geneeskunde in Nederlandsch-Indie in de 19e eeuw”, GTNI 75 (1935) 10, 827. The article refers to a survey of  all the military facilities in 1867 . In that year the garrison  hospital of Surakarta had on average 106 patients. The hospital was part of the Military Medical Service (MGD),  which in 1867 (the year of the survey of all military facilities) managed a total of 79 facilities (3 large military hospitals, 35 garrison hospitals and 41 infirmaries) with on average 4,244 occupied beds.

Some 25 years later, the Annex D of the Koloniaal Verslag 1890 reports a total  of 3,358 inpatients by the end of that year, whereas 52,631 patients have been admitted for the whole of the Netherlands Indies. The report concerns 28 military hospitals, 54 ziekenzalen (infirmaries) and 6 specialized facilities. The average occupation rate of the Surakarta hospital is then 59 patients, whereas 1,002 have been admitted that year. The situation by the end of the year 1890 is a presence of 57 patients.

About 1900, the situation of military health facilities was: 30 hospitals, 56 infirmaries and 5 specialized facilities, such as reconvalescent centers and leprosy asylums. The total number of admittances was in 1898: 57,071 and the number of present inpatients by the end of 1898: 3,731. These figures were for the Surakarta hospital: 650 admittances and a presence on 31 December 1898 of 53 patients (See Koloniaal Verslag 1900, Addendum A).

The directing officer of health W. van der Veer published an article about the history of the Military Medical Service over the period 1911-1935 (GTNI, 76 (1936) 202-234) and mentions the measures to cut down expenditure by downgrading hospitals to infirmaries. This happened to the Hospital of Surakarta in 1932: it was turned into an infirmary.

See Grote Atlas van Nederlands Oost Indie (Asia Maior/KNAG 2003) 298, with townplan of Soerakarta, indicating the place of the military hospital (nr. 8).

Soerakarta (also Solo) was in the 1930s a Government, soenanaat, Residency, regency and district with a capital of the same name. The GOvernment comprises the soenanaat (selfgovernment) Soerakarta and the area of Mangkoe Negoro and is divided into two Residencies: Soerakarta and Klaten. The Residency Soerakarta comprises the regencies Soerakarta and Sragen of the soenanaat area and also the Mangkoenegaran area for aas far not situated in the region Yogyakarta. It had 1,600,000 inhabitants, of whom 4,200 Europeans and 17,000 Chinese. The capital Soerakarta comprises a Soenan part (district Soerakarta) and a Mangkoenegaran part (district Kota Mangkoenegaran) and had 165,500 inhabitants of whom 3,200 Europeans and 11,000 Chinese. It is a centrum of railways that cross the region (Gonggryp 1934, 1322-1323).