Garrison hospital Teluk Bitung

The garrison hospital 3rd class at Teluk Bitung (South Sumatra) was mentioned in the publication of D. Schoute “De Geneeskunde in Nederlandsch-Indie in de 19e eeuw”, GTNI 75 (1935) 10, 827. The article refers to a survey of  all the military facilities in 1867 . In that year the garrison  hospital of Teluk Bitung had on average 32 patients. The hospital was part of the Military Medical Service (MGD),  which in 1867 (the year of the survey of all military facilities) managed a total of 79 facilities (3 large military hospitals, 35 garrison hospitals and 41 infirmaries) with on average 4,244 occupied beds.

Some 25 years later, the Annex D of the Koloniaal Verslag 1890 reports a total  of 3,358 inpatients by the end of that year, whereas 52,631 patients have been admitted for the whole of the Netherlands Indies. The report concerns 28 military hospitals, 54 ziekenzalen (infirmaries) and 6 specialized facilities. The garrison hospital had been downgraded to an infirmary in the meantime. The average occupation rate of this infirmary was 8 patients, whereas 457 had been admitted that year. The situation by the end of the year 1890 is a presence of 13 patients.

About 1900, the situation of military health facilities was: 30 hospitals, 56 infirmaries and 5 specialized facilities, such as reconvalescent centers and leprosy asylums. The total number of admittances was in 1898: 57,071 and the number of present inpatients by the end of 1898: 3,731. These figures were for the Teluk Bitung infirmary: 129 admittances and a presence on 31 December 1898 of 3 patients (See Koloniaal Verslag 1900, Addendum A).

Teluk Bitung was in the 1930s a division and a subdivision with a main town of the same name of the Residency Lampongsche Districten (Districts of Lampung). It had 146,000 inhabitants, of whom 670 Europeans and 8,800 Chinese. Cultures: rubber, coffee, rice. The capital Teluk Bitung itself had 25,000 inhabitants of whom 420 Europeans and 4,000 Chinese (Gonggryp1934, 1397).