Garrison hospital Ternate

The garrison hospital 3rd class at Ternate (Moluccas) was mentioned in the publication of D. Schoute “De Geneeskunde in Nederlandsch-Indie in de 19e eeuw”, GTNI 75 (1935) 10, 827. The article refers to a survey of  all the military facilities in 1867 . In that year the garrison  hospital of Ternate had on average 29 patients. The hospital was part of the Military Medical Service (MGD),  which in 1867 (the year of the survey of all military facilities) managed a total of 79 facilities (3 large military hospitals, 35 garrison hospitals and 41 infirmaries) with on average 4,244 occupied beds.

Some 25 years later, the Annex D of the Koloniaal Verslag 1890 reports a total  of 3,358 inpatients by the end of that year, whereas 52,631 patients have been admitted for the whole of the Netherlands Indies. The report concerns 28 military hospitals, 54 ziekenzalen (infirmaries) and 6 specialized facilities. The garrison hospital has in the meantime been converted into an infirmary with 199 admittances that year. The situation by the end of the year 1890 is a presence of 13 patients.

About 1900, the situation of military health facilities was: 30 hospitals, 56 infirmaries and 5 specialized facilities, such as reconvalescent centers and leprosy asylums. The total number of admittances was in 1898: 57,071 and the number of present inpatients by the end of 1898: 3,731. These figures were for the Ternate infirmary : 148 admittances and a presence on 31 December 1899 of 3 patients (See Koloniaal Verslag 1900, Addendum A).

Ternate was in the 1930s a division and selfgoverning Landscape with a capital of the same name of the Residency the Moluccas. InMay 1934 the departing Governor of the Moluccas was replaced by a Resident. The division consists of 12 subdivisions: 1. Ternate; 2. Djailolo; 3. Weda; 4. Tobelo; 5. Batjan; 6. Soela-islands; 7. Manokwari; 8. Sorong; 9. Schouten-islands; 10. Jappengroup; 11. Hollandia; 12. West New-Guinea. The division had  493,000 inhabitants, of whom 1,000 Europeans and 3,700 Chinese. The main diet of the population is Sago, which abundantly is obtained from the Sago-woods of Halmaheira, Batjan-, Obi and Soela-islands. On the island of Ternate, where the capital Ternate is situated, rises the Piek van Ternate, a still working vulcano (Gonggryp 1934, 1400-1401). See also the Grote Atlas van Nederlands Oost-Indie  (Asia Maior, KNAG, 2003) for a townplan of Ternate (p. 401).