Infirmary Saparua

The military infirmary 4th class Saparua (Amboina) is mentioned in the publication of D. Schoute “De Geneeskunde in Nederlandsch-Indie in de 19e eeuw”, GTNI 75 (1935) 10, 827. The article refers to a survey of  all the military facilities in 1867 . In that year the infirmary at Saparua had on average 4 patients. The infirmary was part of the Military Medical Service (MGD),  which in 1867 (the year of the survey of all military facilities) managed a total of 79 facilities (3 large military hospitals, 35 garrison hospitals and 41 infirmaries) with on average 4,244 occupied beds.

Some 25 years later, the Annex D of the Koloniaal Verslag 1890 reports a total  of 3,358 inpatients by the end of that year, whereas 52,631 patients have been admitted for the whole of the Netherlands Indies. The report concerns 28 military hospitals, 54 ziekenzalen (infirmaries) and 6 specialized facilities. The average occupation rate of the Saparua infirmary is then 1 patient, whereas 28 have been admitted that year. The situation by the end of the year 1890 is a presence of 1 patient.

In 1898 the situation of military health facilities was: 30 hospitals, 56 infirmaries and 5 specialized facilities, such as reconvalescent centers and leprosy asylums. The total number of admittances was in 1899: 57,071 and the number of present inpatients by the end of 1899: 3,731. These figures were for the Saparua infirmary: 21 admittances and a presence on 31 December 1899 of 1 patient (See Koloniaal Verslag 1900, Addendum A).

Saparoea is in the 1930s a subdepartment and island of the department Amboina, Residency Moluccas under a diplomed person in charge (gezaghebber) Binnenlands Bestuur (Interior Administration). The subdepartment consists of the island of the same name and the islands Noesa Laoet, Oma and the Haroekoe islands. It has 40,000 inhabitants, of whom 300 Europeans and 250 Chinese.The population is mainly christian. Its main crop is cloves.In 1817, after the British left, the Dutch introduced a severer regime, which resulted in a revolt on Saparoea in which the Resident van den Berg and all Europeans and the whole garrison of the fort Duurstede were assassinated. A military expedition in 1818 subjected the population. From 1828 better conditions were introduced  by Governor-General Van der Capellen, who visited Ambon personally in 1824 (Gonggryp 1934, 24 and 1268). The Ambon airport nowadays is called Pattimura airport after the national hero who led the insurrection of 1817. The island is 144 square km aand its highest point is 331m