The psychiatric hospital Soemberpoerong was the second largest psychiatric hospital in the 1910s. This hospital was established at Lawang in the eastern province of Jawa in the year 1902. It was opened on the first of July of that year. It was a government hospital that stood under control of the Mental Health inspection. The mental health capacity increased by 900 beds when this hospital started.
The hospital still exists and is called Rumah Sakit Jiwa dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat. The hospital belongs to the Ministry of Health and has 700 beds. Its location is Jalan A. Yani, Lawang. Its director is dr. Laurentius Panggabean. It is categorized as a quality A hospital. Hospitals with this qualification generally have more than 400 beds and at least 18 medical doctors in their staff. Its registration number is 3507026 and its geological location is: Latitude: -7,8196 and Longitude: 112,718
The hospital describes its history itself with the following text:
“The history of the establishment of RSJ Dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang”
“Lawang Mental Hospital was officially opened on June 23, 1902. Work on establishing this hospital began in 1884 based on the Decree of the Kingdom of the Netherlands dated December 20, 1865 No.100. Before Lawang Mental Hospital was opened, mental patient care was handed over to the Military Health Service (Militaire Gezondheids Dienst).
In order to facilitate distribution of patients to the community, Hulshoff Pol submitted a plan to expand the Mental Hospital to the Van Onderwijs en Eeredienst Department. Where in 1909 the number of patients reached 1,171 and efforts to expand the hospital to accommodate patients were very urgent. At that time hundreds of mental patients were still sent to several prisons before being sent to mental hospitals. In the period 1905 – 1906, it was recorded that one of the first Indonesian doctors to work at the Lawang Mental Hospital was Dr. KRT. Radjiman Wediodiningrat, who together with Dr. Soetomo launched the first nation’s movement, namely the Boedi Oetomo. At that time Dr. KRT. Radjiman Wediodiningrat has developed an alternative therapy approach with the “Rassen Psychologie” approach.
The expansion business was licensed, with the construction of anex. Lawang Mental Hospital in the village of Suko, is located approximately 1 km to the east on the slopes of the foot of the Bromo (Tengger) mountains.
Between 1929-1935 the two RSJs, Lawang Mental Hospital and Suko-anex Hospital were handled by 7 doctors and a female professor, with a bed capacity of 1,200 each. At that time RSJ.Dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang was developed into a brain research center. In 1940 the number of patients reached 3,400 and in 1941 it increased to 4,200 because they had to accommodate displacement of patients from the colony in East Java. The pursuit of hospital and nursing home facilities (Doorganghuizen) is an important development in the world of psychiatry. To improve patient care services at the Lawang Mental Hospital, at that time occupational therapy activities and various preparations for entertainment businesses began to be held.
In an effort to facilitate the distribution of mental patients to the community, since 1926 the Lawang Mental Hospital has brought back patients who have calmed down to their villages. This was followed by the Doorganghuizen concept proposed by Travaglino. For patients with defects / chronic and calm, accommodated in agricultural colonies (Werkenrichtingen).
In the period 1942 – 1945, Lawang Mental Hospital experienced a decline in services, due to the lack of facilities for treatment and the presence of infectious diseases, the number of patients decreased to 800 people. In 1947 the number of patients: 1,200 people, a combination of anex Suko and Lawang Mental Hospital. In 1950-1966 Lawang Mental Hospital received 120 patients from RSJ Pulau Laut (South Kalimantan) and 40 employees.
In the period 1966 until now, there have been several developments in the treatment and care of mental disorders patients both in the inpatient unit, as well as outpatient and public welfare. Development of medical support units in the form of laboratory examinations (drug monitoring), radio diagnostics, electromedics. Since 1978, the organizational structure and work procedures of the Lawang Central Mental Hospital have been regulated by SK. Minister of Health RI. No. 135 / Men.Kes / SK / IV / 1978.
In 1998 – 2005 3 three-story main buildings were built to support the realization of an integrated service system. With the availability of the facilities mentioned above, the needs of patients and the community for services and access to information can be faster and more efficient.
Besides the improvement in physical facilities, it was also followed by an increase in the quality of human resources through continuing education programs and the holding of various trainings, including conducting research on mental health services.
In its development, health services not only handle mental disorders, but also serve simple general cases, drug cases, psychological examinations, dental, laboratory, radiology, and others.
Dengan beberapa upaya peningkatan pelayanan yang telah dilakukan, pada usianya yang ke 100 (satu abad) beberapa kendala masih dihadapi seperti kondisi bangunan yang sudah tua, sistem pendukung seperti saluran pipa air, salasar antar ruangan yang kurang berfungsi optimal. Namun demikian kondisi lingkungan, halaman antar ruangan yang luas, sisa lahan yang masih luas merupakan aset yang dapat dikembangkan serta mendukung pelayanan perawatan gangguan mental yang profesional sesuai dengan tuntutan masyarakat.
In January 2005 RSJ. dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang successfully obtained ISO 9001: 2000 Certificate in Management, RSJ and Keswamas Services for a period of 3 years until December 2007, for the year 2008 has been recertified, and on April 8 2008 has received an ISO 9001-2000 certificate from SGS Certification Body for the second 3 years period.
On 21 June 2007 RSJ dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang has been designated as a full PPK-BLU in accordance with the Decree of the Minister of Finance Number: 284 / KMK.05 / 2007 and Decree of the Minister of Health No. 756 / Men.Kes / SK / VI / 2007 dated 26 June 2007 concerning the Designation of 15 Technical Implementation Unit Hospitals (UPT) of the Ministry of Health by implementing PPK-BLU, then on 11 March 2008 according to the Decree of the Menkes 254 / Menkes / Per / III / 2008 that RSJ. dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang has established a new Organizational Structure and Governance to support its performance as a Hospital with Public Service Agency Services. On 26 November 2008 RSJ was designated as a hospital that has met the Standard Hospital with Full Accreditation status with certificate No: ym.01.01 / III / 4292/08 by the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia.
- 2008 : Complete Full Level Accredited
- 2010 : Accreditation of Teaching Hospital
- January 2011 : Recertification of ISO 9001-2008
- October 2011 : Accreditation of the Central KARS Team
- December 2016 : Accreditation Team KARS passed “Plenary”
- January 2017 : re-accredited as a teaching hospital until now.
- May 2018 : Recertification of ISO 9001: 2015
- June 2019 : Accreditation of KARS passed “International”