Immigrant hospital Medan


By a joint initiative of tobacco companies on the Eastcoast of Sumatra an asylum was founded  for sick immigrants. The asylum was called Java Immigranten (JIB)Hospital and was established at Gloegoer (Medan) on the Eastcoast of Sumatra. The picture was furnished by the KITLV, signatuur 5088. KLV001077585 , taken about 1900.  This Asylum was mentioned in the Koloniaal Verslag of 1878. In this under supervision of the Association board functioning private establishment  care is taken of old or invalid patients and patients suffering from insanity or leprosy. The tobacco companies on the Eastcoast of Sumatra gathered an important fund for former coolies (Chinese and others) and for sick immigrants who had no means to be nursed elsewhere.

In the ordinary Asylum, established for the care of 150 patients  62 places became vacant during 1894 (10 patients were dismissed, 15 sent back to China, 10 deserted and 27 died), while 63 persons were admitted. The number of inpatients ult. 1894 rose with 1 patient to 150 (ult. 1893: 149): 113 Chinese, 37 Indigenous patients (27 men, 10 women from Java and Bawean). The insane patients amounted to 44 (28 Chinese and 16 Indigenous ), as part of the total of 150, were housed separately. This department was enlarged in 1894 and now the institution disposed of 29 bigger and smaller cells for dangerous psychiatric patients. Most of the insane patients do  not harm themselves or their fellow patients and are well able to work together with the other patients.  In the department for leprosy patients all 50 places were occupied ultimo 1894. The number of 48 patients, present on 1st January 1894 was supplemented by 16 during 1894, 10 deserted and 4 died.  At the end of 1894 the number of inpatients in the leprosy-asylum was 46 Chinese, 1 Klingalese and  3 indigenous patients. The  leprosy patients  are occupied with maintenance jobs. The patients of the ordinary asylum work in the gardens or produce mats or othere utensils. Their income was 150 dollars. With the New Year festivities the patients receive extra food and 50 dollarcents of pocket money. Patients from the ordinary Asylum may be permitted to recreate on Sundays, but leprosy patients seldom are free to leave the compound.